For thousands of years, even the brightest of minds have not been able to answer the simplest questions about the pyramids:
Why were the pyramids built with such huge stones? What was the method used to lift these giant stones to such heights? How were tunnels and passages dug so straight under and inside the pyramids? Although there are thousands of inscriptions, drawings, and papyri left by ancient Egyptians, how come there is no single inscription or explicit text to tell us how pyramids were built?
The first question that occurs to someone standing in front of the pyramids of Giza is how could such a huge and wonderful building could be built by people who’s their civilization is still in its early stages. A building which we do not know how it was built until today?! And it is not only one pyramid. More than 100 pyramids have been discovered In Egypt. It is true that the pyramids of Giza are the greatest and most famous, but they are not the only pyramids in Egypt. There are other giant pyramids in Dahshur and Fayoum.
All the pyramids were built in the west of the Nile Valley, the greatest part of which extends in 10 groups: from Abu Rawash in the north to Fayoum in the south. Since ancient times, pyramids, due to their hugeness and marvelous shape have been the most difficult puzzle in Egyptian civilization. They widely drew the attention of travelers and scholars and made them to try hard to unravel their mystery. Some ancient historians almost lost their minds when they saw they pyramids of Giza. Standing before the pyramids,
one of these historians said: “Humans, even devils are not able to build these pyramids. Only a divine power can do that!”
But it is clear that the pyramids –until now at least –defeated everyone who tried to explore their mysteries, and continued to baffle physicists, geologists, astronomers, and architects.
Dahshur Bent/Broken Pyramid
According to the official version, Egyptian civilization in its well-known coherent form began when King Narmer/Mina unified the north and south of Egypt in one country. That incident took place in the year 3300 BC. Watching the sun, Ancient Egyptians found that it rises from the east and sets to the west of the Nile Valley, so they considered that the west is the place of death. Therefore they started to build their tombs in the west bank of the river, first in the form of a mud terrace, which later developed into a stone terrace (known nowadays as Mastaba).
By the time passing, the Mastaba evolved into a group of Mastabas on top of each other, forming a pyramidal shape, which later evolved into the full Pyramid shape.
However, the first problem that we encounter in the official version is the idea of the sudden development that occurred in the construction of the pyramids, as the references tell us that
the step pyramid of Zoser in Saqqara, which is supposed to be the first pyramid built using stone, was built around 2630 BC. Only 70 years later, three of the greatest pyramids in Egypt were built. These pyramids are: The Maydum’s Pyramid & Dahshur’s red & bent pyramids. Those three pyramids are attributed to King Sneferu, the first king of the fourth dynasty.
Red Pyramid – Dahshur
Red Pyramid – Dahshur
70 years is considered to be a very short period for the development that took place in the method of building the pyramid. The pyramid of Zoser, designed by the architect Imhotep, is 60 meters high. The pyramid is beautiful, but it is repeatable, in the sense that it is not unique. It consists of 6 mastabas built with stones of medium size. Implementation of the mastaba technique is fairly easy. However, the pyramids that came after that are complicated, the size and height of the pyramids, suddenly doubled in
a short period of time. The stones became huge and the construction technique itself, instead of mastaba, became pyramid.
Sakkara Step Pyramid
70 years is a period that is not enough for the leap that occurred unless it is related to a discovery or innovation. For example, until nearly the end of
the 19th century, we were still using horse carriages. 70 years later there were planes flying. That is what we call progress. The question –based on the above example –is, What was that discovery or invention that occurred in those 70 years between the step pyramid of Saqqara and the pyramids
of Dahshur? The answer is: Nothing. The stone, the worker, the simple tools. All are the same. Wheels and pulleys were not yet invented. There is no tangible discovery or invention that could lead to such result. Even iron was not yet discovered. A question like this is always answered that the secret is the genius of the ancient Egyptian, and their strong belief. But we need to know, what exactly did that legendary genius do?